In this module, students will examine how and why the United States shifted from advisers to leaders in the Vietnam conflict. Students will view clips describing advisory roles, conduct a close read of the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, and analyze political cartoons from the era.
The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution and the Americanization of the War in Vietnam
How did the Gulf of Tonkin resolution “Americanize” the war in Vietnam?
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RH.9-10.1: Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of primary and secondary sources, attending to such features as the date and origin of the information. (Grades 9/10)
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RH.11-12.7: Integrate and evaluate multiple sources of information presented in diverse formats and media (e.g., visually, quantitatively, as well as in words) in order to address a question or solve a problem. (Grades 11/12)
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RH.11-12.8: Evaluate an author's premises, claims, and evidence by corroborating or challenging them with other information. (Grades 11/12)
8.1 The United States responded to an uncertain and unstable post-war world by asserting and working to maintain a position of global leadership, with far-reaching domestic and international consequences.
United States policymakers engaged in the Cold War with the authoritarian Soviet Union, seeking to limit the growth of communist military power and ideological influence, create a free-market global economy, and build an international security system.
Post-war decolonization and the emergence of a powerful nationalist movement in Asia, Africa, and the Middle East led both sides in the Cold War to seek allies among new nations, many of which remained nonaligned.
Cold War policies led to public debates over the power of the federal government and acceptable means of pursuing international and domestic goals while protecting civil liberties.
Americans debated policies and methods designed to expose suspected communists within the United States even as both parties supported the broader strategy of containing communism.